اتحادیه جهانی علمای مسلمان با هشدار نسبت به خشم امت اسلام، قدس را خط قرمز مسلمانان جهان خواند و قرار دادن آن به عنوان پایتخت رژیم اشغالگری صهیونیستی را تجاوزی

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

دسامبر 6, 2017

آشکار به مسلمانان و هتک مقدسات آنان و راهی برای تقویت افراطگرایی دانست. خدای متعال پیرامون جایگاه بیت المقدس می‌فرماید
“سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَىٰ بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ”

اسراء:1

پاکا کسی که بنده‌اش را شبی از مسجدالحرام تا مسجدالاقصی که پیرامونش را برکت بخشیده‌ایم، سیر داد، تا به او نمونه‌هایی از آیات خویش نشان دهیم، اوست که شنوا و بیناست‌

در حالی که فریادهای محکومت از ملت‌ها و کشورهای عربی و اسلامی و سازمان‌ها و نهادهای مدنی در اعتراض به اقدام ناشایست حکومت آمریکا در قرار دادن قدس به عنوان پایتخت یهودیان بلند شده است، دولت آمریکا به کار خود ادامه می‌دهد و بر تصمیم تحریک آمیزی که ممکن است منطقه را به جهنم تبدیل کند همچنان پافشاری می‌کند. این قمار سیاسی حقوق فلسطینیان را پایمال می‌کند. چنین تصمیمی که خارج از مصوبات سازمان ملل و نهادهای مدنی گرفته شده است، احساسات دینی ملت‌های عربی و اسلامی را جریحه‌دار می‌سازد. دولت آمریکا با این اقدام نه تنها از مخالفت‌های رسمی کشورهای عربی ابایی ندارد بلکه از اجماع جهانی که به تأیید قدرت‌های بزرگ هم رسیده است خارج شده است

انتقال سفارت آمریکا به قدس به معنی تقویت اشغال ظالمانه‌ی این شهر مقدس است و دولت آمریکا با این اقدام جنون‌آمیز و غیر قابل قبول می‌خواهد واقعیتی خارج از چارچوب قانونی سازمان ملل را بر منطقه تحمیل کند

دولت‌مردان آمریکایی باید پیش از چنین اقدام خودسرانه‌ای تاریخ ملت فلسطین را به درستی بخوانند و از انقلاب‌ها و انتفاضه‌هایش که همواره ندای قدس، مسجد الاقصی و فلسطین را با گوش جان لبیک گفته‌اند درس بگیرند. این ملت استوار و مقاوم در راه آزادسازی میهن خود نزدیک صد سال است که از پای ننشسته است و در این راه کاروانی از شهدا را تقدیم کرده است. بدیهی است که در برهه‌ی کنونی نیز از حمایت از مسجد الاقصی دست نخواهد شست

پشت سر ملت فلسطین، ملت‌های عربی و اسلامی قرار دارند و قدس مسأله‌ی همه‌ی اعراب و مسلمانان است؛ قدس مسأله‌ی کل امت اسلامی است و امت هیچ گاه اجازه نخواهند داد در حق آن کوتاهی صورت گیرد هر چند به بهای جان‌شان تمام شود

عربیت قدس و هویت فلسطینی آن و تعلق آن به سواد اعظم مسلمانان غیر قابل تغییر یا دست کاری است و جهان عرب و اسلام این اقدامات را برنمی‌تابد. مسیحیان فلسطین و قدس هم با این اقدام که در صدد تغییر نمادهای قدس و هویت آن است مخالفند. در چنین برهه‌ی دشواری اتحادیه‌ جهانی علمای مسلمان پیام‌های زیر را به سران آمریکا، کشورهای عربی و اسلامی و ملت‌های عرب و مسلمان ارسال می‌کند

نخست: به رئیس جمهور آمریکا
اتحادیه دولت آمریکا و رئیس جمهور این کشور را از پیامدهای این ماجراجویی و جانبداری و حمایت آشکار و نامحدود از رژیم صهیونیستی و هم‌نوایی با افراطگرایان برحذر و اعلام می‌دارد که این اقدام باعث می‌شود ملت فلسطین و به دنبال آن ملت‌های عربی و اسلامی با تمام توان به دفاع از شهر مقدس‌شان برخیزند. کسی که از واکنش آینده‌ی ملت‌ها در برابر این تصمیم خطرناک ناآگاه است، منافع کشور خود و نیز آینده‌ی منطقه را به بازی گرفته است

دوم: به سران کشورهای عربی و اسلامی
قدس و فلسطین امانتی است که پیامبران الهی بر گردن شما نهاده‌اند و نجات قدس و آزادسازی سرزمین‌ اشغالی فلسطین زمانی ممکن خواهد بود که دست در دست هم دهید، حکومت‌هایتان را قوی و پروردگارتان را از خود راضی کنید. با هر روش ممکن با این تصمیم آمریکا مخالفت کنید و عربیت و مسلمانی و غیرت شما را نشان دهید. هر گونه کوتاهی در عمل به این وظیفه، مشروعیت و نقش شما در دفاع از امت را زیر سؤال می‌برد

سوم: به ملت‌های عربی و اسلامی
قدس اشغالی و فلسطین دردمند تنها با ایمان جوانان شما و پایداری لشکریان‌تان و با توکل بر خدای بزرگ آزاد می‌شود.
هر انسان عرب و مسلمان وظیفه دارد باید با این اقدام جنون‌آمیز دولت آمریکا مخالفت کند و با استفاده از تمام راه‌های قانونی در صدد بی‌اثر کردن آن باشد.

ما امت اسلامی و ملت‌های زنده‌ی جهان را به تعامل مثبت و حکیمانه دعوت می‌کنیم و از آنان می‌خواهیم تصمیم سازان کشورهای عربی و اسلامی را تحت فشار قرار دهند تا گام‌های مورد نیاز برای قدس و فلسطین بردارند

از علما و دعوتگران امت نیز می‌خواهیم خطر این اقدام را به مسلمانان گوشزد کنند و از امروز و جمعه‌های آتی فعالیت‌های اعتراضی خود را در راستای دفاع از قدس ابراز کنند و در قالب حرکتی فلسطینی عربی و اسلامی به صورت مردمی و جهانی در برابر بی‌حرمتی آمریکا به نخستین قبله‌ی مسلمان و مکان اسرای پیامبر اسلام و زادگاه مسیح نشان دهند

دبیرکل               رئیس اتحادیه
دکتر علی قره داغی            دکتر یوسف قرضاوی

    IUMS

 

Advertisements

Iman, Akhlak, Percaya Diri

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

 

Seorang warga negara yang sejati ialah mereka yang :

1. Beriman kepada Rabbnya, mengenal keagungan-Nya, mensyukuri nikmat-Nya dan taat kepada perintah dan larangan-Nya.
2. Ikhlas kepada umatnya, siap berjihad untuk kemuliaan bangsanya, dan berkorban untuk membela dan memelihara kesatuan dan persatuan.
3. Percaya pada diri sendiri dengan menempuh jalan kehidupan dengan tentram, mulia, kokoh, kuat, dibimbing oleh kemampuan dan ketinggian ilmunya dan bersenjatakan kekuatan tekad dan semangatnya.

الله اعلم

Masjid Raya Sumbar

فضل العلم والمُعلِّم

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

      
ألقى فضيلة الشيخ ماهر المعيقلي – حفظه الله – خطبة الجمعة, المسجد الحرام مكة المكرمة 23 محرم 1439بعنوان : “فضل العلم والمُعلِّم”، والتي تحدَّث فيها عن فضل العلمِ ونشرِه بين الناسِ، ثم بيَّن عِظَم قَدر المُعلِّم والمُربِّي ومكانتِهِ، وأثَره في إصلاح المُجتمع

 

الخطبة الأولى

الحمدُ لله، الحمدُ لله الذي علَّم بالقلَم، علَّم الإنسانَ ما لم يعلَم، وأشهدُ أن لا إله إلا الله وحدَه لا شريكَ له، وأشهدُ أن محمدًا عبدُه ورسولُه، بعثَه الله في الأميِّين ﴿يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ﴾ [آل عمران: 164]، صلَّى الله وسلَّم وبارَك عليه، وعلى آلِه وأصحابِه ومن تبِعَهم بإحسانٍ إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعدُ .. معاشر المؤمنين:

اتَّقُوا الله حقَّ التقوَى، واستمسِكُوا بالعُروة الوُثقَى، ﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلَا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلَّا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ﴾ [آل عمران: 102].

أمة الإسلام:

لقد رفعَ الله تعالى مكانةَ العلم وأهلَه، وعظَّم منزلتَهم وأعلَى شأنَهم، فقال – عزَّ مِن قائل -: ﴿يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ﴾ [المجادلة: 11].

وبيَّن – سبحانه – أن العالِمَ والجاهِلَ لا يستوُون، ﴿قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ إِنَّمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ﴾ [الزمر: 9].

ولقد كانت العربُ قبل الإسلام أمةً غائِبةً ليس لها سِيادة، ولا هدفٌ ولا غاية، يعيشُون في دياجِير الجَهالة، وتسُودُهم الخُرافة، وتُمزِّقُ جمعَهم العصبيَّاتُ والعُنصريَّات؛ حتى بعثَ الله – تبارك وتعالى – برحمتِه وفضلِه،ومنَّتِه وكرمِه – نبيَّه ومُجتبَاه مُحمدًا – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، فأخرجَ به الناسَ مِن الظُّلمات إلى النور، ومِن ضِيقِ الدنيا إلى سعة الدنيا والآخرة.

فجاء – صلى الله عليه وسلم – مُتمِّمًا لمكارِمِ الأخلاق، مُعلِّمًا ومُربِّيًا، ومُزكِّيًا ومُوجِّهًا؛ إذ العلمُ بلا تربيةٍ وتزكيةٍ وَبالٌ على صاحبِه في الدنيا والآخرة، ﴿لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ﴾ [آل عمران: 164].

وكان – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في تربيتِه وتعليمِه سَمحًا رفيقًا، مُيسِّرًا مُبشِّرًا:

ففي “صحيح مسلم”: لما نزلَ قولُ الله – تبارك وتعالى -: ﴿يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ إِنْ كُنْتُنَّ تُرِدْنَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا وَزِينَتَهَا فَتَعَالَيْنَ أُمَتِّعْكُنَّ وَأُسَرِّحْكُنَّ سَرَاحًا جَمِيلًا (28) وَإِنْ كُنْتُنَّ تُرِدْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْمُحْسِنَاتِ مِنْكُنَّ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا﴾ [الأحزاب: 28، 29]، بدأَ رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بعائشةَ فخيَّرَها، فقالت – رضي الله عنها وأرضاها -: بل أختارُ اللهَ ورسولَه والدارَ الآخرة، وأسألُك ألا تُخبِرَ امرأةً مِن نسائِك بالذي قُلتُ، فقال – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «لا تسألُنِي امرأةٌ مِنهنَّ إلا أخبَرتُها، إن الله لم يبعَثني مُعنِّتًا ولا مُتعنِّتًا، ولكن بعَثَني مُعلِّمًا مُيسِّرًا».

ويصِفُ مُعاويةُ بن الحكَم – رضي الله عنه وأرضاه – منهجَ النبيِّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في تعليمِه، حين تكلَّم في الصلاةِ بما ليس مِنها. قال: “فبأبِي هو وأمِّي ما رأيتُ مُعلِّمًا قبلَه ولا بعدَه أحسنَ تعليمًا مِنه؛ فوالله ما كهَرَني ولا ضرَبَني ولا شتَمَني، قال: «إن هذه الصلاةَ لا يصلُحُ فِيها شيءٌ مِن كلامِ الناسِ، إنما هو التسبيحُ والتكبيرُ وقراءةُ القرآن»؛ رواه مسلم.

وصدَقَ الله إذ يقول: ﴿وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ﴾ [الأنبياء: 107].

وكان – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يسلُكُ في تعليمِه وتربيتِه الرِّفقَ واللِّينَ، وإظهارَ المحبَّة للمُتعلِّمِين:

ففي “سنن أبي داود” بسندٍ صحيحٍ: أن النبيَّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – أخذَ بيدِ مُعاذِ بن جبلٍ – رضي الله عنه – فقال: «يا مُعاذ! واللهِ إني لأُحبُّكَ، واللهِ إني لأُحبُّكَ، أُوصِيكَ يا مُعاذ لا تدَعَنَّ في دُبُر كل صَلاةٍ تقول: اللهم أعِنِّي على ذِكرِك وشُكرِك وحُسنِ عبادتِك».

وكلما كانت البِيئةُ التعليميَّةُ آمِنة استطاعَ طالِبُ العلم أن يُفصِحَ عن جَهلِه وعدم معرفتِه دُون خوفٍ أو خجَلٍ : ففي “مُسند الإمام أحمد”: أن رجُلًا يُقال له “سُلَيم” أتَى رسولَ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، فقال: يا رسولَ الله! إن مُعاذَ بن جبلٍ يأتِينَا بعدما ننامُ ونكونُ في أعمالِنا بالنَّهار، فيُنادِي بالصَّلاة، فنخرُجُ إليه فيُطوِّلُ علينا، فقال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «يا مُعاذ! لا تكُن فتَّانًا؛ إما أن تُصلِّي معِي، وإما أن تُخفِّفَ على قومِك».

ثم قال – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «يا سُلَيم! ماذا معَك مِن القرآن؟»، قال: إني أسألُ اللهَ الجنَّة، وأعوذُ به مِن النار، والله ما أُحسِنُ دَندَنَتَك ولا دَندَنَةَ مُعاذ، فقال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «وهل تَصِيرُ دَندَنَتي ودَندَنَةُ مُعاذ إلا أن نسألَ الله الجنَّة، ونعُوذَ بِه مِن النار».

ولنعلَم – معاشِر المُربِّين والمُربِّيَات – أن للقُدوة آثارًا جلِيلةً في نُفوسِ المُتعلِّمين، وكلما كان المُعلِّمُ مُتأسِّيًا بنبيِّه – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، وقُدوةً حسنةً في الخَير، كان أعظمَ أثَرًا في تلاميذِه.

وفي “صحيح مسلم”: «مَن سنَّ في الإسلام سُنَّةً حسنةً فعُمِلَ بها بعدَه، كُتِبَ له مِثلُ أجرِ مَن عمِلَ بها، ولا ينقُص مِن أجُورِهم شيءٌ».

معاشِر المُعلِّمين والمُعلِّمات:

ليس هناك أعظمُ مكانةً مِن رسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -؛ فهو سيِّدُ ولَد آدم، وخلِيلُ ربِّ العالَمين، وأولُ شافِعٍ ومُشفَّع، وأولُ مَن تُفتَحُ له أبوابُ الجِنان، وهو صاحِبُ الحَوضِ المَورُود، والمقامِ المحمُود، ومع ذلك كلِّه لم يكُن أحدٌ أكثرَ تواضُعًا مِنه – صلى الله عليه وسلم -.

قال أنسٌ – رضي الله عنه – عن أصحابِ رسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: “لم يكُن شخصٌ أحَبَّ إليهم مِن رسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -، وكانُوا إذا رأَوه لم يقُومُوا؛ لِمَا يعلَمُون مِن كراهيتِه لذلك”.

وفي “صحيح مسلم”: أن النبيَّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال: «وما تواضَعَ أحدٌ لله إلا رفعَه الله».

وكان الحِوارُ والمُناقشَة، والسُّؤالُ والمُراجعةُ مِن منهَجِه – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في التربيةِ والتعليمِ:

ففي “سنن الترمذي”: أن رسولَ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال: «أتَدرُون مَن المُفلِس؟»، قالوا: المُفلِسُ فِينا – يا رسول الله – مَن لا درهَمَ له ولا متاع، فقال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «المُفلِسُ مِن أمَّتِي مَن يأتِي يوم القِيامة بصلاتِه وصيامِه وزكاتِه، ويأتي قد شتَمَ هذا، وقذَفَ هذا، وأكلَ مالَ هذا، وسفَكَ دمَ هذا،وضرَبَ هذا، فيقتَصُّ هذا مِن حسناتِه، وهذا مِن حسناتِه، فإن فنِيَت حسناتُه قبل أن يُقتَصَّ ما عليه مِن الخطايا أُخِذ مِن خطاياهم فطُرِح عليه، ثم طُرِحَ في النار».

والمُعلِّمُ الناجِحُ – أيها المُؤمنون – مَن يُراعِي في تعامُلِه مع تلامِيذِه اختِلافَ أحوالهم:

فقد كان رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يُراعِي أحوالَ أصحابِه، فيُوصِي كلَّ إنسانٍ بما يُناسِبُه؛ فهذا يُوصِيه بتقوَى الله وحُسن الخُلُق، وآخر بعدم الغضَب، وثالِثٌ بألا يتولَّى أمرَ اثنَين بطريقةٍ لطيفةٍ رقيقةٍ، ورابِعٌ يقولُ له: «لا يزالُ لِسانُك رَطبًا مِن ذِكرِ الله – عزَّ وجل -».

وفي “صحيح مسلم”: رأَى – صلى الله عليه وسلم – خاتَمًا مِن ذهبٍ في يَدِ رُلٍ مِن أصحابِه، فنزَعَه فطرَحَه وقال: «يَعمِدُ أحدُكُم إلى جَمرةٍ مِن نارٍ فيَجعلُها في يَدِه»، فقِيل لرجُلِ بعدما ذهبَ رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: خُذ خاتَمَك انتفِع به، قال: لا والله لا آخُذُه أبدًا وقد طرَحَه رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -.

وهكذا كان – بأبي هو وأُمِّي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يُعامِلُ الناسَ بما يُناسِبُهم، ويُراعِي الفُروقَ الفرديةَ بينَهم، والمُعلِّمُ اللَّبيبُ والمُربِّي الحكيمُ هو الذي يُفيدُ مِن أحداثِ اليومِ والليلةِ في التوجيهِ والتعليمِ؛ فاغتِنامُ مُناسبةٍ طارِئة، أو موقِفٍ عارِضٍ قد يُؤثِّرُ أثَرًا عمِيقًا في قُلوبِ المُتعلِّمين.

ففي “الصحيحين” مِن حديث الفارُوقِ – رضي الله عنه – قال: قدِمَ على رسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بسَبيٍ، فإذا امرأةٌ مِن السَّبيِ تبتَغِي – أي: تبحَثُ عن شيءٍ -، إذ وجَدَت صبِيًّا في السَّبيِ أخَذَتْه فألصَقَتْه ببطنِها وأرضَعَتْه، فقال لنا رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «أترَونَ هذه المرأةَ طارِحةً ولَدَها في النار؟»، قُلنا: لا والله وهي تقدِرُ على ألا تطرَحَه، فقال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «للهُ أرحَمُ بعبادِه مِن هذه بولَدِها».

معاشِر المُربِّين والمُربِّيَات:

لقد كان لرسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في مُعالجَته الأخطاء منهَجٌ فريدٌ، يُبيِّنُ مواضِعَ الزَّلَل، ويحفَظُ كرامةَ الناسِ دُون تشهيرٍ أو تعنِيفٍ، فيقولُ: «ما بَالُ أقوامٍ يفعَلُون كذا وكذا».

ولم يضرِب – صلى الله عليه وسلم – بيَدِه أحدًا قطُّ إلا أن يُجاهِدَ في سبيلِ الله، وما انتقَمَ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لنفسِه إلا أن تُنتَهَك محارِمُ الله، فينتَقِمُ لله – عزَّ وجل -.

وإن المُربِّيَ الناجِحَ هو الذي يُوظِّفُ جميعَ الطاقات، فيُربِّي الأبناءَ والبناتِ على تحمُّل الأعباء والقِيام بالمسؤوليَّات، ويبُثُّ فيهم رُوحَ المُشارَكة والعطاء، والتشييد والبِناء؛ ليكُونُوا لبِنةً صالِحةً في أوطانِهم، فليس هناك فِئةٌ مُهمَلَةٌ في المُجتمعات المُسلِمة، حتى الضُّعفاءُ والمساكِينُ بِهم تُنصَرُ الأمة.

ففي “صحيح البخاري”: أن سَعدًا – رضي الله عنه وأرضاه – رأَى أن له فَضلًا على مَن دُونَه بسببِ منزلتِه وشجاعتِه وغِناه، فقال النبيُّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «هل تُنصَرُون وتُرزَقُون إلا بضُعفائِكُم؟».

أمة الإسلام:

إن التربيةَ والتعليمَ هي مسؤوليَّةُ الجميع، «ألا كلُّكُم راعٍ وكلُّكُم مسؤولٌ عن رعِيَّتِه».

وما سمِعناه مِن معالِمِ هَديِ النبيِّ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في التربيةِ والتعليمِ، ما هو إلا غَيضٌ مِن فَيضٍ، وقليلٌ مِن كثيرٍ مما زخَرَت به السنَّةُ النبويَّةُ المُبارَكة مِن هَديِ سيِّد المُرسَلِين وإمامِ المُتَّقين؛ حيث بذَلَ – صلى الله عليه وسلم – النَّفسَ والنَّفيسَ لتحقيقِ هذه الغايةِ العظيمة، فأخرجَ جِيلًا فريدًا لا نظيرَ له ولا مثِيلَ، زكَّاهم ربُّهم بقولِه: ﴿كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ﴾ [آل عمران: 110].

فما أحوَجَنا – يا عباد الله – أن نقتَبِسَ مِن مِيراثِه، ونحذُوَ حَذوَه في تعليمِنا وتربيتِنا لأبنائِنا وبناتِنا، ما أحوَجَنا إلى منهَجِ ذلك المُعلِّم الأولِ الذي أحيَا الله به القُلُوبَ، وأنارَ به العُقُولَ، وأخرجَ الناسَ به مِن الظُّلُمات إلى النُّور، ذلكُم المُعلِّمُ الذي أرسَلَه الله رحمةً للعالمَين، وأُسوةً حسنةً لمَن كان يرجُو لِقاءَ أرحَم الراحمين.

أعوذُ بالله مِن الشيطان الرجيم: ﴿لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا﴾ [الأحزاب: 21].

بارَك الله لي ولكم في القرآنِ العظيم، ونفعَنا بسُنَّة سيِّد المُرسَلين، أقولُ قولي هذا، وأستغفِرُ اللهَ تعالى لي ولكم، فاستغفِروه؛ إنه هو الغفورُ الرحيم.

 

الخطبة الثانية

الحمدُ لله، الحمدُ لله رب العالمين، وأشهدُ أن لا إله إلا الله وحدَه لا شريكَ له، وأشهدُ أن مُحمدًا عبدُه ورسولُه، صلَّى الله عليه وعلى آلِهِ وأصحابِه والتابِعين، ومَن تبِعَهم بإحسانٍ إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعدُ .. معاشر المُؤمنين:

أخرجَ الترمذي في “سننه” بسندٍ صحيحٍ، عن أبي أُمامة الباهلِيِّ – رضي الله عنه – قال: ُكِر لرسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – رجُلان: أحدُهما عابِدٌ، والآخرُ عالِمٌ، فقال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «فَضلُ العالِمِ على العابِدِ كفَضلِي على أدناكُم»، ثم قال رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم -: «إن الله وملائكتَه وأهلَ السماوات والأرضين، حتى النملةَ في جُحرها، وحتى الحُوت ليُصلُّون على مُعلِّمِ الناسِ الخَير».

فالصلاةُ مِن الله تعالى على العبدِ: ذِكرُه والثناءُ عليه في الملأ الأعلَى.

فيا أيها المُعلِّم الفاضِل:

مهما كان اختِصاصُك، ومهما كان عطاؤُك في العلُوم الشرعيَّة أو التجريبيَّة، فأنت تعمَلُ عملًا جليلًا، وتقومُ مقامًا نبِيلًا؛ إذ تتأسَّى برسولِ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – في هِدايةِ الخلقِ إلى الحقِّ، فمِهنتُك مِن أشرَفِ المِهَن، وأجرُها مِن أعظَم الأجُور.

فهنِيئًا لك بهذا الأجرِ العظيمِ، وهنِيئًا لك بذِكرِ الله لك، وثنائِهِ عليك في الملأ الأعلَى؛ فكلُّ علمٍ نافِعٍ للبشريَّة فصاحِبُه مِن مُعلِّمي الناسِ الخَير، وهو مما حثَّ الإسلامُ على تعلُّمِه والعملِ به.

وهذا رسولُ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ينسِبُ كلَّ علمٍ إلى أهلِه:

ففي “سنن ابن ماجَه” بسندٍ صحيحٍ: عن أنَسِ بن مالكٍ – رضي الله عنه -، أن رسولَ الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال: «أرحَمُ أمَّتِي بأُمَّتِي أبُو بَكر، وأشدُّهم في دِينِ الله عُمر، وأصدَقُهم حَياءً عُثمان، وأقضَاهُم عليُّ بن أبي طالِبٍ، وأقرؤُهم لكِتابِ الله أُبَيُّ بن كعبٍ، وأعلَمُهم بالحَلالِ والحَرامِ مُعاذُ بن جبَل، وأفرَضُهم زَيدُ بن ثابِتٍ، ألا وإن لكلِّ أمةٍ أمِينًا، وأمِينُ هذه الأمةِ أبو عُبَيدة بن الجرَّاح».

فمسؤوليَّتُكم – أيها المُعلِّمُون والمُعلِّمات – عظيمة، والأمانةُ المُلقاةُ عليكُم جلِيلَة. فكُونُوا مصابِيحَ هُدى تستَنِيرُ بها عُقُولُ تلامِيذِكم، وازرَعُوا فِيهم حُبَّ دينِهم وأوطانِهم ووُلاةِ أمرِهم وعلمائِهم، وكُونُوا سدًّا مَنِيعًا أمامَ أسبابِ التطرُّف والغُلُوِّ، والمُرُونةِ والرُّعُونة، ﴿وَكَذَلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا﴾ [البقرة: 143].

أمة الإسلام:

إن تقديرَ المُعلِّم له أثَرٌ عظيمٌ في نُفُوسِ التلامِيذ، فلنَغرِس في قُلُوبِ أبنائِنا تقديرَ المُعلِّم وإجلالَه، فالأدبُ مِفتاحُ العلمِ، ونحن إلى كثيرٍ مِن الأدَبِ أحوَجُ مِنَّا إلى كثيرٍ مِن العلمِ.

وعلى هذا سارَ سلَفُنا الصالِحُ – رضي الله عنهم وأرضاهم -:

فهذا ابنُ عباسٍ – رضي الله عنهما – كان يأخُذُ بخِطام ناقَةِ مُعلِّمه زَيدِ بن ثابِتٍ ويقولُ: “هكذا أُمِرنا أن نفعَلَ بعُلمائِنا وكُبَرائِنا”.

وقال الإمامُ أبو حَنِيفَة – رحمه الله -: “ما مَدَدتُ رِجلِي نحوَ دارِ أُستاذِي حمَّاد إجلالًا له، وما صلَّيتُ صلاةً مُنذ ماتَ حمَّاد إلا استغفَرتُ له مع والدَيَّ”.

وقال الإمامُ الشافعيُّ – رحمه الله -: “كُنتُ أتصفَّحُ الورقَةَ بين يدَي مالِكٍ برِفقٍ لئلا يسمَعَ وَقعَها”.

وهذا الإمامُ أحمدُ مِن تلامِيذِ الإمام الشافعيِّ، قال ابنُه عبدُ الله: قُلتُ لأبِي: أيُّ رجُلٍ كان الشافعيَّ، فإنِّي سمِعتُك تُكثِرُ مِن الدعاء له؟! فقال: “يا بُنيَّ! كان الشافعيُّ كالشمسِ للدنيا، والعافِيةِ للناسِ، فانظُر هل لهَذَين مِن خلَف، أو عنهما مِن عِوَض!”.

وصدَقَ مَن قال:

إنَّ المُعلِّمَ والطبِيبَ كلاهُما   لا يَنصَحانِ إذا هُما لم يُكرَمَا
فاصبِر لدائِكَ إن أهَنتَ طبِيبَهُ   واصبِر لجَهلِك إن جَفَوتَ مُعلِّمَا

ثم اعلَمُوا – معاشِرَ المُؤمنين – أن الله أمرَكم بأمرٍ كريمٍ، ابتَدَأَ فيه بنفسِه، فقال – عزَّ مِن قائِلٍ -: ﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا﴾ [الأحزاب: 56].

اللهم صلِّ على محمدٍ وعلى آل محمدٍ، كما صلَّيتَ على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم، إنك حميدٌ مجيد، اللهم بارِك على محمدٍ وعلى آل محمدٍ، كما بارَكتَ على إبراهيمَ وعلى آل إبراهيم، إنك حميدٌ مجيد.

وارضَ اللهم عن الخُلفاء الراشِدِين: أبي بكرٍ، وعُمر، وعُثمان، وعليٍّ، وعن سائِرِ الصحابةِ والتابِعِين، ومَن تبِعَهم بإحسانٍ إلى يوم الدين، وعنَّا معهم بعفوِك وكرمِك وجُودِك يا أرحم الراحمين.

اللهم أعِزَّ الإسلامَ والمسلمين، اللهم أعِزَّ الإسلامَ والمسلمين، اللهم أعِزَّ الإسلامَ والمسلمين، وأذِلَّ الشركَ والمُشرِكين، واحمِ حَوزةَ الدين، واجعَل هذا البلدَ آمنًا مُطمئنًّا، رخاءً سخاءً، وسائرَ بلادِ المُسلمين.

اللهم أصلِح أحوالَ المُسلمين في كل مكانٍ برحمتِك يا أرحم الراحمين.

اللهم فرِّج همَّ المهمُومين مِن المُسلمين، ونفِّس كَربَ المكرُوبِين، واقضِ الدَّينَ عن المَدِينِين، واشفِ مرضانا ومرضَى المُسلمين.

اللهم وفِّق خادمَ الحرمَين لما تُحبُّ وترضَى، واجزِه عن الإسلام والمُسلمين خيرَ الجزاء، اللهم وفِّق جميعَ وُلاةِ أمور المسلمين لما تُحبُّه وترضَاه.

اللهم انصُر جنودَنا المُرابِطين على حُدودِ بلادِنا، اللهم أيِّدهم بتأيِيدك، واحفَظهم بحِفظِك، اللهم كُن لهم مُعِينًا ونصِيرًا برحمتِك يا أرحَم الراحِمين.

اللهم لا تدَع لنا ذنبًا إلا غفَرتَه، ولا مريضًا إلا شفَيتَه، ولا مُبتلًى إلا عافَيتَه، ولا ضالًّا إلا هدَيتَه، ولا مَيتًا مِن أمواتِنا إلا رحِمتَه برحمتِك يا أرحَم الراحِمين.

اللهم اغفِر للمُسلمين والمُسلِمات، والمُؤمنِين والمُؤمِنات، الأحياءِ مِنهم والأمواتِ.

اللهم وفِّق المُعلِّمات والمُعلِّمات لِما تُحبُّ وترضَى، وأعِنهم على القِيام بمسؤوليَّاتهم، وأداءِ أماناتِهم، اللهم واجزِهم خَيرَ الجزاء على ما يُعلِّمُون وينصَحُون ويُرشِدُون برحمتِك يا أرحَم الراحِمين.

سُبحان ربِّك ربِّ العزَّة عما يصِفُون، وسلامٌ على المُرسَلين، والحمدُ لله ربِّ العالمين.

logo-string

سنة سعيدة ١ محرم ١٤٣٩هـ

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ اَللَّهُمَّ اَنْتَ اْلاَ بَدِيُّ الْقَدِيْمُ اْلاَوَّلُ وَعَلَى فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيْمِ وَكَرَمِ جُوْدِكَ الْمُعَوَّلُ وَهَذَا عَامٌ جَدِيْدٌ قَدْ اَقْبَلَ اَسْأَلُكَ الْعِصْمَةَ فِيْهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَ
اَوْلِيَائِهِ وَالْعَوْنَ عَلَى هَذِهِ النَّفْسِ اْلاَمَّارَةِ بِالسُّوْءِ وَاْلاِشْتِغَالِ بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِى اِلَيْكَ زُلْفَى يَاذَالْجَلاَلِ وَاْلاِكْرَامِ وَصَلَى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى اَلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

1439 H

آمِيْنُ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِيْن

The Code of Ethics of the Prophet ﷺ in Peace and War

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

 

His Eminence Sheikh Osama ibn Abdullah Khayyat –May Allah protect him– delivered this Friday khutbah (02/06/1437, المسجد الحرام مكة المكرمة ) entitled “The Code of Ethics of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in Peace and War.” He talked about the blessing of the bi’thah (It is the time at which the Prophet ‒May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him‒ received the first revelation of the Qur’an as the last Messenger to Humanity) of the Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him–to all mankind,and it is the best blessing, as it represents the value of compassion encompassing all aspects of life  and  benefiting the whole social spectrum. Then, the Sheikh explained one aspect of this blessing as reflected in the Prophet’s –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– code of ethics in peace and war. He showed how he was keen on sparing lives and protecting property. The same applies to his Companions –May Allah be pleased with them all– and those who righteously followed in their footsteps.

 

Part One

 

Praise be to Allah Who has honoured the Ummah with the religion of Islam! I praise Him ‒Glory be to Him‒ and thank Him for His great favours and magnificent blessings. I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah alone with no partner,no peer and no match amongst mankind. I bear witness that our Master and Prophet Muhammad is the Servant and Messenger of Allah, who is the Best amongst all creatures. Proofs and authoritative personalities have attested to the credibility of his prophethood. O Allah, send Your profuse and eternal Salat (Graces, Honours, and Mercy) and Peace upon Your Servant and Messenger, Muhammad, his family, and his Companions as long as years, months, days and nights keep alternating.

 

Now then, O servants of Allah!

 

Do observe taqwa vis-à-vis Allah (fear of disobeying Allah), for taqwa is the best of provisions for one’s journey towards Allah and the ideal support for going through the successive stages of one’s lifetime,away from stumbles and safe from immorality and the heavy burdens of sins.

 

O Muslims!

Divine blessings are abundantly and successively bestowed on us. There is indeed a huge  variety of apparent  and  less perceptible  favours and privileges conferred by our Lord, the Generous and the benefactor‒May He be exalted‒ on His servants.They  resemble incessant heavy rain in density or a ceaseless super abundant flow of water.

Nonetheless, the most significant and unmatchable blessing and the greatest gift ever remains the bi’thah of this noble Prophet –May Allah’s profuse Salat and Peace  be  upon him– who was sent with the Guidance and the Religion of Truth, in order to bring people with his Message out from the darkness into light [see the Holy Qur’an, surat al-Baqarah (verse 257), al-Ma’idah (verse 16), Ibrahim (verses 1 and 5), al-Ahzab (verse 43), al-Hadid (verse 9), and al-Talaq (verse 11).], guide them to the ways of peace [see the Holy Qur’an, surat al-Ma’idah, verse 16], relieves them from the burdens and the shackles which were upon those before them [see the Holy Qur’an, surat al-A’raf, verse 157], lead them to sublime ranks of goodness and virtue, keep them away from the pits of evil and the mires of vice, and guide them through all possible tracks leading to bliss in the Herein and success, accomplishment, and salvation in the Hereafter.

That is why the bi’thah of the Prophet –May Allah’s profuse Salat and Peace be upon him– was Mercy to all creatures and a Blessing to all humanity, as affirmed by Allah –May He be glorified– in the following words:

And We have sent you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists).[Al-Anbiya’: 107]

Thus, his (divine) Message –May Allah’s profuse Salat and Peace be upon him– was Mercy to all creatures –Arabs and Non-Arabs, blacks and whites, males and females, and humans and jinn. As pointed out by some scholars of Islam, the Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– “came to them with such a profound and encompassing faith, extremely refined prophetic teachings, such a wise and meticulous education, his unique personality thanks to this heavenly, miraculous Book whose wonders never cease and whose novelty never wears out (by the passage of time).”

 

The Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– breathe the new life into civilised humanity when he approached the unused human treasures –which were piles of raw material;none knew its potential richness and usefulness, and were wasted by (the pre- Islamic) Jahiliyyah,  unbelief,  and adherence to the earth (see the Holy Qur’an, surat al-A’raf, verse 176)–and  instilled  in  it  ‒with Allah’s leave‒ faith and creed. He breathed into it a new life, elicited its hidden richness, triggered its talents, and then placed every individual in the right position. It seems as if the static and inanimate human ego had metamorphosed into a dynamic organism and a human being capable of action. It seems as though such a reborn entity were resurrected from death and as if someone who used to be blind regained his sight and became a leader of nations:

Is he who was dead (without Faith by ignorance and disbelief) and We gave him life (by knowledge and Faith) and set for him a light (of Belief) whereby he can walk amongst men, like him who is in  the darkness (of disbelief, polytheism and hypocrisy) from which he can never come out? Thus it is made fair seeming to the disbelievers that which they used to do.[Al-An’am: 122]

 

O servants of Allah!

 

The facets of such universal and all-encompassing mercy inherent in the Message of this noble Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– are literally countless and limitless. However, one of the most obvious and greatest facets which attest to the  significance of this all-encompassing mercy and prove its undeniable existence is what this Message has brought: the clear, unparalleled care to preserve people’s lives, spare their blood, and safe guard their souls. Such care is not restricted to the followers of Islam but is  extended to include people embracing other religions.

Among the clearest proofs of such care, there is that outstandingly and unique approach adopted by Prophet Muhammad –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him. He ordered his Ummah to follow it in peace as well as in war, and cautioned it against deviating from it or violating its rules.

During peace, there are instances of a recorded hadith by Prophet Muhammad –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– where he vehemently and directly threatens the killer  of a covenanter: a person from dar al-harb (hostile, non-Muslim territories under non-Islamic rule) entering dar al-Islam (territories under the rule of Islam) pursuant to a covenant of non-aggression concluded with Muslims. In this respect, Imam Bukhari reported in his Sahih (a book of hadith) a hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas –may Allah be pleased with him– where the Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– said: “Whoever kills a covenanter will never smell the scent of paradise, knowing that its scent can be smelt from a forty-year walking distance.” This hadith ‒O servants of  Allah‒ contains a serious and horrifying warning which is likely to cause insomnia to the reasonable and panic to the judicious!

On the other hand, during war, there are unequivocal statements recorded in the directives and instructions of the Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him–to the commanders of his armies during the allocation of military responsibilities. Such statements contain irrefutable proof about the sanctity of human blood and the inviolability of property. These  issues  must  not  be  forfeited to the benefit of judgemental thinking based on personal opinions, presumptions, and interpretations which are not backed by knowledge, guidance, or an enlightening Book  from Allah (see the Holy Qur’an, surat al-Hajj, verse 8 and surat Luqman, verse 20).

 

A case at hand is the hadith reported by Imam Muslim in his Sahih where Buraida‒May Allah be pleased with him– narrated that the Messenger of Allah Muhammad–May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him–said: “Engage in battle in the cause of Allah and fight those who do not believe in Allah. Engage in battle but do not usurp the spoils of victory,  do not betray, do not mutilate corpses, do not kill infants…”(See the rest of the hadith)

 

Another piece of evidence can be found in the hadith reported by Imam Muslim and Imam Bukhari in their two Sahihs (their respective books of hadith) and narrated by ibn Omar–May Allah be pleased with him and his father (Omar ibn al-Khattab)– who said: “A killed woman was found on the battlefield in one of the Prophet’s ghazwas (conquests in the  cause  of Allah) –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him–and the Messenger of Allah warned against killing women and children.”In another version of the same hadith reported by Imam Ahmed in his Musnad (a book of hadith) and Abu Hurairah in his Sunan (a book of hadith): “When the Messenger of Allah –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him–saw a killed woman, he said: “This (woman) could not have been fighting.Then, he said to one of the people there: “Go after Khalid and tell him: ‘Do not kill children nor hired workers.’”

The Caliphs of the Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– as well as the subsequent Commanders of the Faithful have held fast to the teachings of the Prophet and followed in his footsteps. This is quite clear in the directives they gave to their army chiefs when they sent them to fight the enemy. For instance, when the rightly-guided Caliph, Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq –May Allah be pleased with him– gave directives to Yazeed ibn abi Sufyan–one of his army commanders whom he marshalled to fight in the Sham region– he said to  him: “I want to advise you about ten things: Never kill a woman, a child, or a decrepit old man. Do not cut off fruitful trees; do not demolish inhabited premises; do not slaughter a sheep or a camel except asfood; do not cut or burn palm-trees; and do not usurp the spoils of victory” [Reported by Imam Malik in his book titled al-Muwatta’.]

 

Examples also include exhortation from the part of the Commander of the Faithful, Omar ibn al-Khattab –May Allah be pleased with him– to the leaders of his armies when appointing them army chiefs. He would say to them: “In the name of Allah, and through His assistance, march forth with His support for there is no victory except through Him. Do observe righteousness and patience. Fight in the cause of Allah the infidels, and never  commit acts of transgression for Allah does not like transgressors. Never lose heart when you face the enemy and never practice torture or exaggeration when victorious. Never kill old people, women or babies; avoid killing them when facing the enemy or launching attacks.”

 

It was reported that all of the Commanders of the Faithfull, without exception, had given their army leaders such glorious and bright exhortations that reflect the beautiful, just, merciful and perfect nature of this religion. These exhortations rightly express, embody in all sincerity, and reflect sogenuinely and effectively the implementation of the Message included in the following words of Allah ‒Exalted be He:

[And fight in the Way of Allâh those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allâh likes not the transgressors.][Al-Baqarah: 190]

It is fighting purely for the sake of Allah and in His cause, not for the sake of arrogance, haughtiness on earth, seizing booty and resources, dominance, using people and controlling their lives. It is fighting to make the word of Allah the uppermost, ensure the freedom of calling to Islam and wipe out all obstacles in its path; all for the purpose of protecting people’s rights to freedom of choice and decision-making. It is, therefore, a just fighting for a just cause, where there is no room for aggression, destruction or corruption on earth.

This religion, whose Book and Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him– brought much enlightenment to this world and cleared its darkness. Shouldn’t it be entitled to light up the whole world once again today just as it did yesterday?!

Shouldn’t this ultimate religion be entitled to the true merits of justice, peace, and freedom, rather than be equated with terrorism, killing and blood thirstiness?!

Yes, indeed. I swear by Allah! It (this religion) is the head spring of peace and the fountain head of Islam; it is a security resort and the birth place of faith. Its serenity and purity shall go unscathed by extremists and outlaws. It will always remain as Allah meant it to be:enlightenment for all, guidance and mercy for the believers, justice spread in the East and West, and a light house guiding those heading towards the Day of Judgement.

Justice has its own gown to wrap it, and security and peace have their own force to defend them, a force without which they could neither exist nor persist.

O servants of Allah! This Islamic alliance to combat terrorism has been invigorating news that has brought happiness and joy to the hearts of the believers; an alliance that has been created to support truth, lift injustice, side with the oppressed, remove aggression, shun terrorism, ensure security, and deploy peace-keeping forces.

Hence the shield for this alliance was so completely set in place; it was that “thunder”, the “Thunder of the North” that came as a live picture, an articulate voice, practical evidence, and  a  blessed  ‘fruit’  for  this  mighty  Islamic  force,  this  coherent  Islamic  alliance. May Allah help it achieve its objectives, render successful its endeavors, and make its hopes come true, by His Grace and Generosity, as He is the Magnanimous, the All-Generous!

 

May Allah grant me and you benefit  from the guidance of His Book and the Sunnah  of His Prophet –May Allah’s Salat and Peacebe upon him! I say this and ask Allah, the Almighty, the Majestic to forgive me, you and all Muslims for all our wrongdoings, as He is the All-Forgiving, the All-Merciful!

 

Part Two

 

Praise be to Allah Who has decreed victory to His religion until the Day of Judgement! I Praise him‒Exalted be He! He grants power and honour to the true believers and bestows His Mercy on the righteous. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah alone, with no associate, and that our Prophet Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, who was sent as mercy to the worlds. O Allah! Send Your Salat and Peace upon Your Servant and Messenger, Muhammad, his family, and his Companions, the righteous and pious Imams!

Now then, O servants of Allah!

Observe taqwa of Allah and always remember that no matter how much dust truth might collect, and no matter how suffused it could get under the effect of falsity, Allah’s religion will always prevail and come out victorious in the end. Just as He sent down His Revelation and took it upon Himself to protect it, Allah also promised to grant His religion victory and raise its banner. His promise  is  true;  it is  neither  altered  nor  is  it  held  back.  He‒Glory be to Him‒ said:

[It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâm), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) hate (it).] [Al-Tawbah: 33]

Therefore, it is incumbent upon the believer to have good faith in his Lord, to trust in His promise, to rest assured of that which is promised and to work hard towards attaining it. He must beware lest despair and despondency infiltrate into his heart and take over his soul, for this is not characteristic of the believers nor is it a trait of the pious.

Therefore, do send your salat and peace upon the Seal of the prophets, the Imam of the messengers, and the Mercy sent down to the worlds,for you were commanded to do so in the Clear Book (the Holy Qur’an) where Allah ‒Be He exalted‒ said:

[Allâh sends His Salât (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allâh  to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salât on (ask Allâh to bless) him (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and  (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islâmic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum).][Al-Ahzab:56]

 

O Allah! Send Your Salat and Peace upon Your Servant and Messenger, Muhammad! O Allah! Be satisfied with His four rightly-guided Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman, and Ali, all of his family, Companions, the tabi’in (the contemporaries of the Companions of the Prophet ‒May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him‒ after his death), and those who righteously follow them till the Day of Resurrection! O Allah! Be also pleased with us along with them, by Your Mercy, Generosity, and Grace, O You, the Most Generous of all!

O Allah! Grant glory to Islam and Muslims! O Allah! Grant glory to Islam and Muslims! O Allah! Grant glory to Islam and Muslims! And protect Your Religion! Destroy the enemies of Your religion and all the despots and the corruptors! Unite the hearts of Muslims and unify them, set right their leaders and unite their word on the Truth, O You, the Lord of al-‘alamîn (the worlds)!

O Allah! Grant victory to Your religion, Your Book, the Sunnah of Your Prophet Muhammad ‒May Allah’s Salat and Peace be upon him‒ and Your true believing servants and mujahedeen!

 

O Allah! Grant us security in our homelands, set right our leaders and those responsible for our affairs, support with the Truth our Imam and leader, provide him with a righteous retinue and guide him to do whatever you love and accept, O You, the All-Hearing of our prayers! O Allah! Guide him, his twodeputies and his brothers to do what is good for Islam and Muslims, for the country and for the people, O You, to Whom people shall return on the Day of Resurrection!

O Allah! Protect us against Your enemies and ours in any way that pleases You! O Allah! Protect us against Your enemies and ours in any way that pleases You, O Lord of the Worlds! O Allah! Protect us against Your enemies and ours in any way that pleases You, O Lord of the Worlds! O Allah! We leave them to You (to deal with them) and seek refuge with You from their evils! O Allah! We leave them to You (to deal with them) and seek refuge with You from their evils! O Allah! We leave them to You (to deal with them) and seek refuge with You from their evils!

O Allah! Protect our soldiers who are stationed in all fronts and borders! O Allah! Grant them a resounding victory! O Allah! Grant them a resounding victory! O Allah! Grant them a resounding victory! O Allah! Make Your Religion strong and glorious through them and make them an asset to Islam and Muslims, O Lord of the worlds! O Allah! Protect them from the front and the back, from their right and their left, and from below and above them!  O Allah! Grant martyrdom to those of them who have lost their lives, and cure the wounded among them! O Allah! Cure the wounded among them!

 

O Allah! Grant our souls piety, and purify them, You are the best to purify them! You are their Guardian and Master!

 

O Allah! We ask You to guide us to do good deeds, forsake reprehensible actions and love the needy! O Allah! We ask You to forgive us and have mercy upon us! O Allah! If You want to send an affliction on a nation, please make us die before your affliction was sent!

 

O Allah! We seek refuge with you against the disappearance of Your blessing, the change in the good health you have granted us, the suddenness of Your vengeance, and all kinds of Your wrath!

 

O Allah! Cure those of us who are sick, have mercy on our dead, help us achieve our goals that please You, and make our last deeds good ones!

 

O Allah! Make better our religion which is the bond of our lives! Make better our Dunya (life in this world) where we live! Make better our Hereafter to which we are returning! Make life an increase in our recordsof good deeds and death a relief from every evil!

 

[Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.][Al Aaraf: 23]; [Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!] [Al-Baqarah: 201]

 

O Allah! Send Your Salat and Peace upon our Prophet, Muhammad, his family and Companions! All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!

logo-string

 

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها Bint Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

Daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr  رضي الله عنه and the most beloved wife of the Holy Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was born in the fourth year of the declaration of the Prophethood by Hadrat Muhammad  صلى الله عليه وسلم. Her name was Ayesha, her surname was Umm-e-Abdullah (Mother of Abdullah) and generally she was called Siddiqa (The truthful). Since she had no children, so she did not have any surname. A surname was a great honour in those days and people always wanted one. So Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها once asked the Holy Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم, “O Prophet of Allah, other women have their surnames but I  have  none.  Please suggest one for me”. The Holy Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Why don’t you adopt the surname of Umm-e-  Abdullah”. Abdullah was the son of Hadrat Ayesha’s  sister.

Right from childhood, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was extraordinarily intelligent. As a girl she was very jolly, pleasant mannered, and had a fantastic memory. Even in her old age she could recollect the most minute details of her childhood. When the Hijrah (Migration  of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم from Makkah to Medina) took place, she was hardly in her eighth of ninth year, but history had recorded a great number of traditions narrated by Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها. No other companion (One who had meetings with  the  Holy  Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم) of the Holy Prophet had so many Ahadith to his or her credit.

The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه had verbally declared each other as brother. In that society, such a verbal declaration was considered no less than the real relationship. But the marriage of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم with the daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه proved that prohibition of marriage with brother’s  daughter  only  applies to blood relations.

After Hadrat Khadija’s رضي الله عنها death, Hadrat Khaula رضي الله عنها, wife of Hadrat Othman رضي الله عنه inquired  from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, if he wanted to re-marry to dispel his grief. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asked Khaula, “Whom should I marry? Widow or  Virgin”. “Both kind of women are available. Ayesha رضي الله عنها, daughter of Abu Bakr  رضي الله عنه is a virgin  and  Saudaa  رضي الله عنها daughter of Zama ‘a is widow. Now it is up to you”, Hadrat Khaula رضي الله عنها said. Later, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم married both women. Earlier to her marriage with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was engaged to a non-Muslim. Her would-be in-laws declined to go for this marriage on the plea that Hadrat Ayesha’s رضي الله عنها arrival in their family may make their son a Muslim too. And thus  the  engagement  was broken. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was then only six years old.

After settling down in Medina for some time, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم sent Hadrat Zaid رضي الله عنه, son of Harith  رضي الله عنه and his servant Abu Raafe  رضي الله عنه to Makkah for escorting Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها to Medina. Hadrat Zaid  رضي الله عنه and Raafe رضي الله عنه, were given five hundred dirhams and two camels as provision for the journey. Hadrat Ayesha  رضي الله عنها was brought safely to Medina but the change of climate had adverse effects on her. She fell ill and lost her beautiful hair. After a prolonged illness, she recovered and gained weight. Then Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه asked the Holy Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم “Why don’t you take Ayesha to your home? The Nikah (The ritual  of marriage ceremony. In includes recitation of Holy verses and  distribution  of  sweets etc.) has already been announced”. “I am helpless, I do not have the money to pay Mehr (Mehr is the money which is obligatory on a Muslim to pay to his wife before consummation), i.e. the downer money”, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said. On hearing this, Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه arranged five hundred dirhams on his own and presented the money to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. The money was sent to Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها by Hadrat Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was brought to the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم house in the month of Shawwal (Tenth month of Islamic calendar year) of the first year of Hijrah.

At the time of Hadrat Ayesha’s  رضي الله عنها birth, the house of Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه was already illuminated with the light of Islam and had kindled a great love of Islam in Hadrat Ayesha’s heart. This love constantly grew after her marriage with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Resultantly, she played a significant role as wife of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Many controversial and significant incidents are attributed to her life, such as Ifk (Ifk : Incident relating to allegation of adultery on Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها and Allah’s verdict about the matter) Eilaa (Eilla : Incident of abstination of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم from his wives), Tehreem (Tehreem : Incident relating to abstination of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم from eating honey) and Thakh’eer (Takh’eer : The incident of option given to the wives of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم to continue marital bond or choose divorce).

Ifk:

The details of the incident of Ifk are briefly as follows:

Once Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was accompanying the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in a caravan. During the journey, the caravan stopped for a night’s stay. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها went out of her camp to relieve her self and lost her precious necklace somewhere in the way. As she came to know of this loss, she started searching her lost necklace. In the meantime, the caravan moved on its journey. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها did not know that the caravan has moved. When she came back to her camp, she found the caravan had moved and she was left alone. She wrapped herself in a cloth sheet and waited to be rescued. Soon she was approached by Safwan رضي الله عنه son of Mauttal رضي الله عنه, whose duty was to trial behind the caravan to collect the left overs and to join the caravan afterwards. He recognized Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها and asked her to mount on his camel while he walked alongside. By noon, they joined the caravan.

This incident provided a golden opportunity to the mischief-mongers and they created a lot of misconception. These hypocrites (Hypocrites: People who had embraced Islam under social compulsion and were non-believers at their hearts. These people always conspired against Islam to subvert it from within) started a malicious propaganda against Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها and accused her of adultery. This dirty propaganda built such a pressure that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was compelled to send Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها to her parent’s house for some time. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was approached in this matter for reconciliation. But he صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “If Ayesha is innocent, Allah will defend her”. So the matter was left there for quite a few days until Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى vindicated Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها of this false accusation and the Holy Prophet’s  صلى الله عليه وسلم prediction proved true. In Surah (A chapter of the Holy Quran) An-Noor, Allah confirmed the innocence of Hadrat Ayesha  رضي الله عنها.

This happened when the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had gone to see Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها at her parent’s place. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, after the revelation, smilingly told Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها that Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى had revealed her innocence and recited the verses of Surah An-Noor. Hadrat Ayesha’s mother asked her, to get up and bow in thanks before  the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, “No I am only grateful to my Allah”, promptly replied Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها.

Eilaa:

The incident of Eilaa is also quite important. It is said that the sustenance provided to the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم wives was insufficient. The provisions included foodgrains, dates etc. All the wives of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم unanimously complain about the inadequacy of the provisions. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم showed his displeasure. Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه beseeched their daughters not to press for increase in the provisions but the other wives continued their demand. At last the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم decided not to have any relations with his wives for a month. He shifted to a separate room away from his wives for many days. It created a great stir in the people and they thought that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has divorced his wives. Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه sought the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم interview on this point. Twice, the request was disallowed. On the third time Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه was allowed to visit the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه found the Holy  Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم  lying on a rough and bare cot, which had left marks on his body. Earthen utensils were lying astray on the floor. On watching this scene, Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه was overcome with grief. He asked : “O Prophet of Allah, Have you divorced your wives?” “No” the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said.

Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه broke this news to the people. The month was of twenty-nine days and the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم came out of his isolated room and returned to his  wives. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was the first one to be visited.

Tehr’eem:

It has been authentically narrated on the authority of Ayesha رضي الله عنها that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prohibited himself from drinking honey to please his wives. Aisha رضي الله عنها and Hafsa رضي الله عنها were upset that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was spending more time with his wife Zainab رضي الله عنها on account of a honey drink she would serve him, so they secretly agreed to pretend to be offended by the odor. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did not want to offend his wives, so he swore an oath never to drink it again. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى revealed the verses telling the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم not to prohibit what is lawful.

Aisha رضي الله عنها reported: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would spend time with his wife Zainab bint Jahsh and he would drink a concoction of honey. Hafsa and I agreed that whomever the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم visited first, we would say, “I notice a strong odor of mimosa gum on you.” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم visited one of them and she said this to him, so the Prophet said:

بَلْ شَرِبْتُ عَسَلًا عِنْدَ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ جَحْشٍ وَلَنْ أَعُودَ لَهُ

I have taken a honey drink at Zainab’s house and I will not do it again.

The verse was revealed:

لِمَ تُحَرِّمُ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكَ

Why do you forbid yourself from what Allah has made lawful for you? (66:1)

(Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 1474)

The authenticity of this narration is agreed upon according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Bukhari included it in his explanation of Sūrat al-Taḥrīm. Moreover, Aisha رضي الله عنها was the direct witness about whom the verses speak, so she would know best what really happened.

Takh’eer:

This incident is reported in history as follows:

Once the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم came to Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها and  said, “You may consult your parents and then give a reply to my question”. “What is that question”, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها asked.

The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم recited the following verses from Surah Al-Ahzab of the Holy Quran:

“O, Prophet, tell your wives that if they are more tempted to this world’s life and mundane comforts, then let me forsake you without any trouble and if you crave for Allah, the Prophet and the Hereafter then there is a great reward for virtuous  women”.

On hearing this, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها said, “O Prophet of Allah, why should I consult my parents. I prefer Allah, His Prophet and the Hereafter over all mundane comforts”. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was pleased with Hadrat Ayesha’s رضي الله عنها reply and said that he will put the same question to all his wives. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها requested that her reply may not be disclosed to others. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم agreed and repeated that same question to all of his wives and all of them said that Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها had said previously. The above mentioned verses from the Holy Quran are called the verses of Takh’eer.

The Holy Prophet had a great love for Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها. This fact can be substantiated  by one of his sayings;

“O, Allah, the things which are in my control (i.e. justice and equality between different wives) I always do justice (with them), but forgive me for that which is beyond my control (i.e. my love with Ayesha)”.

There is another of his quotations, Hadrat ‘Amr bin Al-‘Aas  رضي الله عنه once asked the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم:

“O, Prophet of Allah whom do you love the most”. “Ayesha”, he صلى الله عليه وسلم replied.

“And whom do you love the most among the men”, ‘Amr bin A’-‘Aas further asked.

“Her father” (Hadrat Abu Bakr), the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said.

The same degree of love existed in Hadrat Ayesha’s رضي الله عنها heart for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Sometimes it happened that Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was awakened during the night and did not find the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم by her side and she was perturbed. One night, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها did not find the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم on his bed. She tried to trace him here and there, and thought perhaps he had gone to one of his other wives, but found him offering prayers. This shamed her and she said, “My parents be scarified for you (An Arabic expression of love). I was thinking of something else and you are busy in something else.”

Her love for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم can be gauged by the fact that the last dress on his body before death was always kept in safe custody by Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها afterwards. She was quite young in age at the time of marriage, so quite often it happened  that  Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها cooked food for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and lay asleep near the fire place and was awakened by the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم on his return to  home.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was only eighteen years old at the time of the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم death.  The Holy Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم remained ill for thirteen days until he  صلى الله عليه وسلم breathed his last. During these days, he  صلى الله عليه وسلم spent eight days with Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها and five days with other wives. He صلى الله عليه وسلم died in Hadrat Ayesha’s رضي الله عنها room. After death the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها lived forty-eight years as widow.

After only two years, Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه followed the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم to meet him in Paradise, and thus Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was a widow and an orphan too. Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه the first Caliph was buried by the side of the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم grave. She was only  twenty at that time. Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه was elected second caliph at the death of Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and he sanctioned a stipend of ten thousand dirhams per annum each for the widows of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم but Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنهرضي الله عنها was granted a stipend of twelve thousand dirhams per annum. Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه explained this discrimination as follows: “Since she was dearer to the Holy Prophet, she deserves more”.

At his death bed Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه sent his son to Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها with a request for being buried by the side of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها replied, “I had chosen this place as my grace but I would sacrifice it for  Umar”.

Although Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها had granted permission for the burial of Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه in her room, Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه even then advised his son in his last will, “Take my bier to the  door of Hadrat Ayesha. If she allows, bury me inside, otherwise take me to the  common graveyard of Muslims”.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها allowed the burial and so the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, Hadrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه and Hadrat Umar رضي الله عنه were buried in the same room. This act proves her good, and magnanimous nature.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was slim during her youth but later she gained weight. She had a fair complexion. She was a very beautiful woman. Her favorite dress was a red shirt and a black wrapper. She was so contented that  she never had more than one dress and  used it by washing it again and again. She was a true follower of Shariah.

She exhorted children to do good deeds and to be modest and bashful. She was very obedient to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. She was such a strict follower of purdah that  once Ishaq  رضي الله عنه who was blind came to meet Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها she observed purdah. On this Ishaq  رضي الله عنه said, “Why are you observing purdah. I cannot see you”. “I can see you, even if you do not see me,” Hadrat Ayesha  رضي الله عنها replied.

She was never greedy and remained contented for the whole of her life on the meagre belongings she had. It is reported that once she said, “After the death of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, I never ate my fill, whenever I do so, tears come to my eyes”. “But why?”, somebody asked. “Because till his death, the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم never had enough food or meat to satisfy his appetite”. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها replied.

Her love for the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم can further be visualized by another incident. Once she got angry with Abdullah son of Hadrat Zubair and swore that she would never speak to him. Abdullah apologized and asked for pardon. She was adamant till the maternal relatives of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم pleaded for the acceptance of Abdullah’s apology. On this, she wept and said, “You are the relatives of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. I submit to this recommendation”. This meant violation of her oath so she released forty slaves as Kaffara (Monetary compensation for violation of oath).

Once she was fasting and only one loaf was available at the time of Iftar to break her fast. A beggar came and she offered that loaf to him breaking her fast with water. She regularly offered the prayer of Ishraq (A prayer offered before noon). The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had offered this prayer only once but Ayesha رضي الله عنها made it a point to offer it regularly. According to her, “The Holy Prophet possessed many virtues and did good deeds but did not observe them regularly, lest these prayer or other acts of virtue are taken as obligatory for posterity”.

The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم used to stand long in the prayer of Tahajjud. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها always gave company to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in offering Tahajjud. Sometimes the prayer lasted for the whole night.

She was most forgiving. She had no grudge even against her enemies. Her brother Mohammad son of Abu Bakr was murdered by Muavia son of Khadija but she pardoned him.

She showed due regard for the status and ranks of persons. Once a beggar came and asked him to leave. Soon after, a well clad traveler came and said that he was hungry, she offered him a seat and food. The people objected to this difference in behaviour but she explained, “The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had said that people should be dealt with according to their rank and merit”.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was generous and beneficent. Once Abu Zubair sent her one hundred thousand dirhams as gift. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was observing fast that day. She immediately distributed all the money among the needy. In the evening, at the time of Iftar, her maid servant remarked, “O, Mother of the faithful you could have saved some money for buying some food for Iftar”. “Oh, why didn’t you remind me at that time,” she replied.

She was God-fearing and kind-hearted. Some misconceptions led the evens insuch a way that she fought a battle against the fourth Caliph Hadrat Ali رضي الله عنه. This battle is called ‘The battle of Camel’ (Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها was riding a camel in the battle). She always repented this action for whole of her life. Whenever she recalled her participation in this battle, she used to weep and say, “I wish I could be dead twenty years ago”.

By being a kind-hearted woman, it does not prove that she was a coward. She frequently visited the graveyard during the night to offer Fatihah (Prayer of Muslims offered for pardoning the sins of the dead).

 

In the battle of Khandaq (Battle fought at Madinah in which a deep circular trench was dug around Medina as defence against the enemy) the Muslims were surrounded and besieged by the enemy. The danger of sabotage from Jews living in Madinah was also imminent, but fearlessly she surveyed the battlefield in the open, many a times.  In  the battle of Uhud, (Battle fought with Meccans near the mountain of Uhud situated between Madinah and Makkah), she nursed the wounded and supplied water in the battlefield to soldiers.

She possessed many virtues. Because of her virtues and religious merits, she was considered better than all the male and female companions of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. She excelled in knowledge, intelligence and intimacy with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم more than anyone but her father.  There  are many incidents which prove her superiority over others.

She once said herself, “I have ten qualities which give me preference over the rest of the Holy Prophet’s wives: I am the only virgin married to the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. I am the only wife whose parents both father and mother, undertook migration for the cause of Islam. Allah, Himself vindicated my position and declared me innocent when I was accused. Gabriel came to the Holy Prophet while personifying as Ayesha and asked him to marry me. Many a time, the Holy Prophet offered prayers while I was before him. At the time of divine revelation, I used to be with him. When the soul of the Holy Prophet left his body his head was on my chest.  I and the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم while bathing took water from one  container. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم passed away in the night when he was visiting my house (The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم visited his wives turn by turn). My house was blessed to become the burial place of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Others Opinion about Hadrat Ayesha

The books of History and Hadith prove that there is no other Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم wife having so many virtues. The Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had said that, “Ayesha is superior to other women as thareed (A kind of dish prepared in Arabic) is superior to other  foods”.

Masrooq Tabe‘yi (Those who enjoyed the company of the companions of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم but could not see or meet the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “I have seen many companions of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asking Hadrat Ayesha for the solution of difficult religious questions in the light of the Shariah”.

Imam Zohri said, “The knowledge of Hadrat Ayesha is better that the accumulative knowledge of all Muslims and wives of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم”. Once Hadrat Abu Musa Ahr‘ari said, “We, the people who had once enjoyed the company of the Holy Prophet, never hesitated in asking the correct religious interpretations from Hadrat Ayesha and she always promptly guided us”.

Urvah son of Zubair said, “She was excellent in religious logic,  medicine  and  poetry. She had a fantastic memory. Many a times, she recited rhymes of more than a hundred verses”.  Abu Salma (Son of Abdur Rehman Bin Auf) had said : “I have never seen a better scholar of Sunnah (Saying of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his deeds), blessed with insight of Islamic jurisprudence, than her. She knew the interpretation of divine revelations and holy verses”.

A quotation of Ata bin Abu-Rabah goes like this:

“Ayesha was a great theologian, better Muslim and a remarkable thinker”.

History quotes incident, that once Hadrat Muavia asked his companions, “Who is the greatest theologian of our times”.

“No, other than you sir”, the courtiers replied. “No! can you make this statement on an oath?”

“No Muavia! the truth is that there is none like Hadrat Ayesha”, one of them said.

No doubt, being the most beloved wife of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها enjoyed the best opportunity of imbibing knowledge and guidance from the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. But there were many others, who also had similar affinity with the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم but the genius of Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها interpreted and explained the divine message and the Holy Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم actions in the most befitting manner. Rest of the people lagged behind. She could penetrate into the depths of a problem instantly  while others could not.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها had a logical mind. Normally, it is seen that the people having a practical mind are more prone to atheism and disbelief in religion, and, because of  the habit of rationalizing every problem, fall easy prey to  worldly  theories.  But Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها, although a great intellectual, had much knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence and love for Islam. The polluted concept of religion, then prevailing in Arabia, was full of superstitions. The common people used amulets, charms and witchcraft to dispel mishaps and solve their problems. The women of those times zealously followed these practices. Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها detested superstition since only Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى is competent to punish or reward anybody. She fought relentlessly against all these social evils. Once she saw a razor (It was a sort of ‘Charm’ having recourse to some deity) placed by the side of a child’s bed. She was very angry, and forbade this practice saying, “The Holy Prophet was against all superstitious charms, amulets and witchcrafts”.

The above incident throws a glowing light upon the progressive orientation of Islam. Only ignorant people fall prey to such superstitions. These superstitions lead a Muslim into the depths of disbelief in Allah. A true Muslim believes that good or evil only  comes from Allah and none else. Women should be most careful and should not succumb to superstitions.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها has reported more than 2,250 Ahadith (Sayings of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, plural of Hadith). She lived for sixty-three years. She hated flattery and avoided meeting with flatterers. While she was suffering from her last illness (She died in same illness), Abdullah Bin Abbas requested the permission to visit her which she declined, because she knew that he will start flattering her. On the insistence of her nephews she allowed Abdullah, who started praising her qualities the moment he arrived. She immediately said, “Ibn-e-Abbass leave me and do not try to flatter. I  swear on Allah, I wish, I would have been a stone”.

The greatness of Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها can be judged by the fact that whenever someone visited her during her fatal illness, invariably she said, “All praises are for Allah, I am fine”.

Hadrat Ayesha رضي الله عنها died during the rule of Hadrat Muavia in the month of Ramadan (A month of fasting in Islamic Calendar). That night, innumerable torches and lanterns were burning and the streets of Madinah had such a great rush of women that it  seemed like Eid (A day of celebration of festivity for Muslims at the end of the month of fasting i.e. Ramadan).

Ubaid bin Kumair asked a stranger that night, “Who is grieved due to Hadrat Ayesha’s death?” “Every body is sad to whom she was a mother, and she was mother of all the faithful”, the stranger replied. She had made a will that she should be buried at night, so she was buried, in the night she died, after her funeral prayers in Jannat-ul-Baqi’ which witnessed unprecedented rush. Hadrat Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه led the funeral  prayers. Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdur Rehman and Abdullah bin Abdur Rehman lowered her body into the grave. May Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى rest her soul in  peace.

source : various groups of Islamic Researchers